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Best Pneumonia treatment

Overview

Pneumonia treatment requires drugs to kill the pathogen responsible for the disease. in pneumonia treatment a clinical decision is critical.Pneumonia treatment needs proper selection of the drugs. Mostly pneumonia is caused by bacteria. Wether severe or mild pneumonia, should both be treated with  seriousness because complications takes short time to occur. Pneumonia treatment

Medical  pneumonia treatment

The exact choice of medications depends on factors, including the following:

  • The organism responsible for the infection

Bacterial Pneumonia treatment:

Bacterial pneumonia is the commonest, is usually treated with antibiotics. In some cases, the person may stay in the hospital for treatment. Hospital treatments may include:Pneumonia treatment

  • Oxygen
  • Fluids and medicines given through an IV

Some Antibiotics used to treat pneumonia include the following;

  • Amoxicillin
  • Ceftriaxone
  • Azithromycin
  • Benzylpenicillin
  • Gentamicin
  • Erythromycin
  • Ampicillin
  • Cotrimoxazole
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Metronidazole

Click here for more about drugs

Organism First-Line Antimicrobials Alternative Antimicrobials
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Penicillin susceptible

(MIC < 2 mcg/mL)

Penicillin G, amoxicillin Macrolide, cephalosporin (oral or parenteral), clindamycin, doxycycline, respiratory fluoroquinolone
Penicillin resistant

(MIC ≥2 mcg/mL)

Agents chosen on the basis of sensitivity Vancomycin, linezolid, high-dose amoxicillin (3 g/d with MIC ≤4 mcg/mL
Staphylococcus aureus
Methicillin susceptible Antistaphylococcal penicillin Cefazolin, clindamycin
Methicillin resistant Vancomycin, linezolid Trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole
Haemophilus influenzae
Non–beta-lactamase producing Amoxicillin Fluoroquinolone, doxycycline, azithromycin, clarithromycin
Beta-lactamase producing Second- or third-generation cephalosporin, amoxicillin/clavulanate Fluoroquinolone, doxycycline, azithromycin, clarithromycin
Mycoplasma pneumoniae Macrolide, tetracycline Fluoroquinolone
Chlamydophila pneumoniae Macrolide, tetracycline Fluoroquinolone
Legionella species Fluoroquinolone, azithromycin Doxycycline
Chlamydophila psittaci Tetracycline Macrolide
Coxiella burnetii Tetracycline Macrolide
Francisella tularensis Doxycycline Gentamicin, streptomycin
Yersinia pestis Streptomycin, gentamicin Doxycycline, fluoroquinolone
Bacillus anthracis(inhalational) Ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, doxycycline Other fluoroquinolones, beta-lactam (if susceptible), rifampin, clindamycin, chloramphenicol
Enterobacteriaceae Third-generation cephalosporin, carbapenem Beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor, fluoroquinolone
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Antipseudomonal beta-lactam plus ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, or aminoglycoside Aminoglycoside plus ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin
Bordetella pertussis Macrolide Trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole
Anaerobe (aspiration) Beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor, clindamycin Carbapenem
MIC = Minimal inhibitory concentration.

Pneumonia treatment

Note:

Depending on your age and other medical conditions these drugs maybe indicated or contraindicate. Please consult with your clinician always.

  • Breathing treatments and exercises to help loosen mucus

Viral pneumonia

Not common and treatment is done with antiviral

Antibiotics are used prophylactically to prevent bacterial infection.

Lifestyle and home remedies

  • Get plenty of rest. Don’t go back to school or work until after your temperature returns to normal and you stop coughing up mucus. Even when you start to feel better, be careful not to overdo it. Because pneumonia can recur, it’s better not to jump back into your routine until you are fully recovered. Ask your doctor if you’re not sure.
  • Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids, especially water, to help loosen mucus in your lungs.Pneumonia treatment
Dmitri

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