Neurology Mnemonics

Chorea: common causes

St. VITUS’S DANCE:[4]

Sydenhams

Vascular

Increased RBC’s (polycythemia)

Toxins: CO, Mg, Hg

Uremia

SLE

Senile chorea

Drugs

APLA syndrome

Neurodegenerative conditions: HD, neuroacanthocytosis, DRPLA

Conception related: pregnancy, OCP’s

Endocrine: hyperthyroidism, hypo-, hyperglycemia

Congenital myopathy: features[edit]

DREAMS:[4]

Dominantly inherited, mostly

Reflexes decreased

Enzymes normal

Apathetic floppy baby

Milestones delayed

Skeletal abnormalities

Dementia: reversible dementia causes[edit]

DEMENTIA:[4]

Drugs/Depression

Elderly

Multi-infarct/Medication

Environmental

Nutritional

Toxins

Ischemia

Alcohol

Friedreich Ataxia Trinucleotide Repeat:

”Ataxic GAAit”

Guanine

Adenine

Adenine [18]

Stroke risk factors[edit]

HEADS:[4]

Hypertension/ Hyperlipidemia

Elderly

Atrial fib

Diabetes mellitus/ Drugs (cocaine)

Smoking/Sex (male)

Horner Syndrome[edit]

Horny PAMELA:

Ptosis

Anhydrosis

Miosis

Enophthalmos

Loss of ciliary-spinal reflex

Anisocoria

Cerebellar signs[edit]

DANISH:

  • Dysdiadochokinesia/ Dysmetria
  • Ataxia
  • Nystagmus (horizontal)
  • Intention tremor
  • Slurred speech
  • Hypotonia

Causes of Pinpoint pupils[edit]

Pinpoint Pupils are caused by oPioids and Pontine Pathology

Diagnostic criteria of Neurofibromatosis Type 1[edit]

CAFÉ SPOT:

  • Café au lait spots
  • Axillary + inguinal freckling
  • Fibromas
  • Eye: Lisch nodules
  • Sphenoid dysplasia
  • Positive family history
  • Optic Tumour (glioma)

Features of normal pressure hydrocephalus[edit]

Wet, Wobbly, Wacky:

  • Wet = urinary incontinence
  • Wobbly = ataxic gait
  • Wacky = dementia

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