Hematology/Oncology mnemonics

Hematology/Oncology mnemonics

Anterior mediastinal masses

4 T’s:

Teratoma

Thymoma

Testicular-type

T-cell / Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Dermatomyositis or polymyositis: risk of underlying malignancy

Risk is 30% at age 30. Risk is 40% at age 40, and so on.

Lung cancer: main sites for distant metastases[edit]

BLAB:

Bone

Liver

Adrenals

Brain

Esophageal cancer: risk factors

ABCDEF:

Achalasia

Barret’s esophagus

Corrosive esophagitis

Diverticuliis

Esophageal web

Familial

Lung cancer: notorious consequences

SPEECH:

Superior vena cava syndrome

Paralysis of diaphragm (Phrenic nerve)

Ectopic hormones

Eaton-Lambert syndrome

Clubbing

Horner syndrome/ Hoarseness

Mole: signs of trouble

ABCDE:

Asymmetry

Border irregular

Colour irregular

Diameter usually > 0.5 cm

Elevation irregular

Prognotic factors for cancer: general

PROGNOSIS:

Presentation (time & course)

Response to treatment

Old (bad prog.)

Good intervention (i.e. early)

Non-compliance with treatment

Order of differentiation (>1 cell type)

Stage of disease

Ill health

Spread (diffuse)

Pituitary endocrine functions often affected by pituitary-associated tumor

Go Look For the Adenoma Please”:

Tropic hormones affected by growth tumor are:

GnRH

LSH

FSH

ACTH

Prolactin function

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