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6 Drugs You Trust That Can Ruin Your Life

Which drugs look innocent but they are dangerous?

Which drugs look innocent but they are dangerous?

“Take psychosis to be Mental problem for simplicity “

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Tip: Everything if misused or overdosed can harm someone, stop misusing things.

Table of content:

A.Psychosis

B.What is psychosis

C.Symptoms of psychosis

D. The 6 Drugs that can cause psychosis

We do not choose to have any other diseases but we can control how it can strike us and sometimes we can avoid it completely’

Mental illnesses are overlooked but they exist and serious problems one can have. Mental problems are an embarrassment according to some ex psychotic patients at Chainama Psychiatric Hospital in Lusaka.

Psychosis/mental illness Due to Drugs

Many recreational and prescription drugs can induce psychotic symptoms that can mimic serious psychiatric disorders.

Drug-induced psychosis has been associated with suicidal thoughts, dangerous and violent behavior, hospitalization, and arrests.

Because treatment modalities can vary, it is important to distinguish whether psychotic symptoms are substance-induced or caused by other factors [1].


What is Psychosis?

Psychosis is a condition characterized by delusions and hallucinations, and is commonly associated with mental illness.

  • Delusions occur when a person believes something outside of what is really going on despite any external argument or contradiction to such beliefs.
  • Hallucinations are perceptions (primarily visual and auditory, but sometimes tactile and scents) of things that aren’t actually present.

After long periods of use, some drugs can cause psychotic symptoms which mimic those experienced by individuals with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or other mental illnesses involving psychosis.


Examples of Psychotic Symptoms/mental illness symptoms

Hallucinations

  • Auditory: Hearing internal or external voices. Sometimes the voices may be arguing with each other or may tell the person what to do.
  • Visual: Seeing things that aren’t really there. For example: shadows, people, or other perceptual abnormalities.
  • Tactile: Feeling sensations that aren’t really occurring. For example: feeling bugs crawling on the skin.
  • Olfactory: Smelling an odor around you that cannot be confirmed by others [2].

Delusions

  • Erotomanic: A person with this type of delusion will believe someone (usually a famous person) is in love with him/her. Stalking is not uncommon in these cases.
  • Grandiose: A person with delusions of grandeur will have an over-inflated sense of self-worth and power. He may believe he has some special type of talent or has made a grand discovery.
    Jealousy: These delusions usually involve believing that a spouse or significant other has cheated even if there is no evidence this is the case.
  • Persecution: A person with persecution delusions may believe someone (often an authority figure) is spying on them and planning to do harm.
  • Somatic: A somatic delusion occurs when a person believes he has a health problem, or some other bodily complaint, when no real symptoms are present [3].

Other symptoms of psychosis may include:

  • Disorganized speech.
  • Incoherent thoughts.
  • Lethargy.
  • Emotional changes (lack of emotion, difficulty expressing emotion, etc.).
  • Antisocial behavior.
  • Erratic behavior (sometimes violent and/or dangerous).

The 6 Drugs That Can Cause Psychosis

Heavy, long-term use of many substances can result in psychotic symptoms. However, certain drugs are more likely to cause psychotic symptoms than others. These include:

1..Cannabis

Cannabis use has long been associated with psychotic symptoms. The first evidence came from the Swedish Conscripts Study of 45,570 military inductees who were followed-up for 15 years.

The results showed that those who had used cannabis by the age of 17 were 2.4 times more likely to develop schizophrenia than non-users. The risk of schizophrenia rose to 6 times that of non-users for heavy cannabis users (more than 50 times at initial interview) [1,6].

2..Cocaine

Up to 50% of cocaine users will show some symptoms of psychosis after use. The risk increases with needle or freebased use.

Persecution delusions and tactile hallucinations are common. Psychotic symptoms can persist days, months, and sometimes years after use has stopped [1].

3..Amphetamine

Amphetamine (Speed) can cause psychotic symptoms similar to methamphetamine and cocaine after repeated use [1].

4..Methamphetamine

The use of methamphetamine can lead to paranoia, persecution delusions, and auditory and visual hallucinations.

One common hallucination is the feeling of bugs crawling on one’s skin. These symptoms might subside after stopping use, but they can also persist for weeks or longer, and may increase one’s susceptibility for developing future psychosis. Even after long periods of abstinence, psychotic symptoms may return in periods of stress

5..Alcohol

Alcohol can cause delusions, mental confusion, disorganized speech, and disorientation. Typically, these symptoms subside upon sobriety.

Alcohol is one of the most commonly abused substances among individuals with schizophrenia, although diagnosis usually precedes use

6..Psychedelic drugs (e.g., LSD, PCP, etc)

These drugs can induce temporary effects that mimic psychosis. However, these symptoms typically cease when the drug wears off.

For most people, psychotic symptoms will not be present after first use. It is only after repeated use that psychotic symptoms become more prevalent and long-lasting

Dmitri

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